Diabetic footcare is very different from footcare exercised by non-diabetics. This is because diabetics have to take extra care of their feet since the smallest wound can lead to serious consequences. Diabetes may lead to nerve damage that takes away sensation in your feet. It may also reduce blood flow to the feet, resulting in slow healing and infections if this area is wounded. Because of these problems, diabetics may not notice foreign objects in their shoes till the formation of blisters or sores.
The Guidelines of Diabetic Footcare – Manhattan, New York Foot Doctors
To prevent these serious problems, diabetic footcare should be taken. The following guidelines regarding foot care should be followed if you are a diabetic:
• Inspect your feet every day. Look out for cuts, blisters, redness, swelling, or nail problems. Use a magnifying hand mirror to check the soles of your feet. Contact your doctor if you notice anything troubling.
• Wash your feet in lukewarm (not hot) water every day to keep them clean. The water’s temperature should be the same as the one prescribed for cleaning newborn babies.
• Gently wash feet using a soft cloth or sponge. Blot or pat them dry, and carefully dry between your toes.
• Moisturize your feet, except between the toes. This will prevent dry skin that may itch or crack. Moisturizing between the toes is inadvisable because this may encourage fungal infections.
• Trim nails very carefully straight across and then file the edges. Avoid cutting nails too short which may cause them to become ingrown.
• Do not treat corns and calluses yourself by performing “bathroom surgery.”
Additional Diabetic Footcare Tips
• Wear clean, dry socks. Change them every day.
• Do not wear socks with tight elastic bands because they hamper circulation. Also avoid thick, bulky socks that could irritate your skin or fit poorly.
• Wear socks in bed if your feet are cold at night. Never use heating pads or hot water bottles.
• Shake out your shoes and feel the inside before wearing.
• Keep your feet warm and dry. Don’t allow your feet get wet when it snows or rains. Wear warm socks and shoes during winter.
• Never walk barefoot!. You could step on something and get a scratch or cut.
• Keep your blood sugar levels under control.
• Don’t smoke. Smoking restricts the blood flow in your feet.
• A good diabetic footcare regimen should include periodic visits to a podiatrist.