Some of the symptoms that are associated with tarsal tunnel syndrome can include pain in the overall foot, and the toes may feel weak and numb. The tarsal tunnel, located in the abkle, houses nerves, arteries, and tendons. It a crucial part in moving the foot, in addition to providing a maximum range of motion. Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when there is repeated pressure on the nerve that connects the ankle to the foot due to a blockage of the tunnel. This can happen as a result of enduring a foot or ankle injury, or from having an abnormal foot structure. Additionally, medical conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, or thyroid disorders may lead to developing this ailment, and the affected foot can become uncomfortable and swollen. A proper diagnosis is often performed which consists of having an X-ray, ultrasound, or MRI taken, in addition to undergoing a physical examination of the foot. If you have any of the above symptoms, please confer with a podiatrist who can help you with treatment options that are correct for you.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Manhattan Footcare. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.