There are a variety of afflictions of the feet that can negatively impact the area around the toes. Bunions are one such foot condition. A bunion is a bony bump that can develop on the side of the foot, particularly on the side of the big toe or on the side of the pinky toe. Many individuals are curious to know what a bunion looks like for good reasons because being aware of this can help you identify a bunion at an early stage. Commonly, a bunion looks like a bulge. When the bunion is located on the side of the big toe, it might look as though the foot bone juts out at an angle. In some cases of bunions, the toes might even look crowded because of the bunion. The big toe might also look like it is turned inward. Contact a podiatrist today for more information about what bunions look like.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts