Items filtered by date: October 2020

Monday, 26 October 2020 00:00

Signs and Risk Factors of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is the result of the plantar fascia, the band on the bottom of the foot that connects the toes to the heel, becoming inflamed. Plantar fasciitis usually results in pain at the bottom of the heel or midfoot. Generally, the pain develops over time and can be either sharp or dull. Pain from plantar fasciitis is usually worse after waking up in the morning, after sitting or lying down for a long period of time, or after climbing stairs. Pain from plantar fasciitis is usually felt after an activity is completed and not as much during the activity. People who are between the ages of 40 and 70 and are active are at a higher risk of developing plantar fasciitis. Those who are obese, pregnant, run long distances, have structural foot problems, or have a very active job are also at a higher risk of developing plantar fasciitis. If you are experiencing the symptoms of plantar fasciitis, it is important to visit a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.  

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact one of our podiatrists from Manhattan Footcare. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Having high arches in your feet
  • Other foot issues such as flat feet
  • Pregnancy (due to the sudden weight gain)
  • Being on your feet very often

There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.

Prevention

  • Take good care of your feet – Wear shoes that have good arch support and heel cushioning.
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • If you are a runner, alternate running with other sports that won’t cause heel pain

There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Manhattan and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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The Achilles tendon is located in the back of the leg, and connects the heel to the calf muscles. It plays an important role in daily life and can cause severe pain and discomfort if it becomes injured. An Achilles tendon injury can happen for a variety of reasons, including overuse, stepping off of a curb unexpectedly, and from frequently wearing high heels. Common symptoms of this type of injury can include immediate pain, swelling, and bruising. Many patients that have endured an Achilles tendon injury realize it takes several weeks for a complete recovery to occur. It is beneficial to keep the affected foot elevated as often as possible, and it can help to perform specific stretches that may aid in the healing process. If you are currently experiencing an Achilles tendon injury, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you toward a full recovery.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Manhattan Footcare. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Manhattan and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Massaging the legs and feet has often been touted as a way to increase circulation in the lower limbs. Unfortunately, there is little evidence that this is the case. Massages, while relaxing and enjoyable, are unlikely to lead to any clinically significant boost in circulation. What might really increase blood flow in the lower limbs is exercise. A regular brisk walk can improve both the health of your feet, and the health of your whole body. If you have symptoms of poor circulation in the lower limbs, such as tingling, numbness, muscle cramps, or pain, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment. 

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact one of our podiatrists of Manhattan Footcare. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Manhattan and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 05 October 2020 00:00

Home Care for Toenail Fungus

Fungal nail infections are a common problem that can last for long periods of time and  may recur in some individuals. Carefully following the care instructions given to you by your doctor is one of the most important steps to curing this condition. In addition to treatment provided by your doctor, you can also take certain measures at home to help your feet. Wash your feet often and always dry them thoroughly. Keep your nails clean, dry, and neatly trimmed. Since fungi thrive in warm, moist environments, it is important to change out your socks and shoes frequently, especially if you sweat a lot. Avoid walking barefoot in public places, and don’t share personal items, such as towels or nail clippers, to avoid spreading the fungus. For more information about toenail fungus treatment and prevention strategies, consult with a podiatrist.

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of Manhattan Footcare. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Manhattan and Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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